Robert S. EshelmanTom DispatchTraducido of English to German Leyens27/03/09Introduccion rebellion by TomDispatch editor AIG, of course, returns to the front – and as ! It is not that much time away from the screens. After having received another infusion of more federal dollars of public money, the whole world knows perfectly well that the insurance giant distribute another round of lucrative bonuses. THE REPUBLICANA CUBA (1902-1952). Historical
Amicus Plato (Dr. Omar Diaz de Arce)
I. Preliminary considerations
The establishment of the State in Cuba took place almost a century after that in most of Latin America. The precious jewel of the Spanish crown overseas followed during that time subject to a strict regime of colonial exploitation, together with the ravages of two long emancipators contests (1868-78, 1995-98), leaving the exhausted and nearly out of resources to undertake independent living in early twentieth century. With regard to the formation of the nation the opposite happened: Cuba had a national first strong stock quotes (because of the long struggles liberating) and later onset, not smooth, the difficult construction of a democratic republic. It should not be forgotten, that the constituent elements of the Latin American nations appeared in the colonial period and developed throughout the nineteenth century, until the relative stock quote consolidation of capitalist relations made possible the emergence of real communities in the early decades of this century, though with notable gaps regional ethnic integration, socio-economic and institutional. In the first phase of the national organization (1825-1850-70), the conservative, in the hands of the old Creole oligarchies allied to the clergy, to maintain colonial structures, which inaugurated a long period of civil wars and kept the fractionation Internally, despite centralists formulas adopted by such a system almost anywhere. Hypertrophy of the institutional factor ‘constitutional fetishism’ or reverse ‘caudillismo politico-military’, used to compensate, in a very precarious, the weakness of the constituent elements of the state and nation. Most of the ‘Republic teoricas “such as call Marti, were also in the midst of continuing civil war between conservatives and liberals, federalists and centralists. Clear that those struggles are behind handled much more profound: the elimination of the privileges of the colonial church and the landowning aristocracy, the claims of the rural and urban areas, the abolition of slavery in the plantation areas in a word The way to achieve the consolidation of price stock new states and their connection to the center of the global economy. Since the mid-nineteenth century liberal reforms accelerated the progress of market economy and contributed to a relative stabilization of the stock state order, while favored the incorporation of Latin American countries to the new scheme stock trading of the international division of labor. Thereafter, most governments in the south of the Rio Grande is dedicated to fostering the economic integration of the national territory ‘abolition of internal customs and leakproof start of construction of railways’, its relevance to the territory of the state’ internal colonization , forced mobilization of large groups of population in terms of the export economy, “to conquer the desierto ” ‘and the confiscation of archaic forms of communal or corporate’ ejido lands, dead hands. The concurrent processes of ethnic integration is stock symbol stopped or moving very slowly in countries where large segments of the rural people continued to be marginalized in national life. In Cuba, where the formation of the nation will advance to the dynamics in the national constitution, the rapid economic growth in the second half of S. XIX, helped by stock market the proximity of the North American market, and the remarkable progress in the physical integration of the country (railroads, telegraph), allowed to exchange move buy stock forward on the path to success for liberal reforms were trying to clear in several Latin American countries, despite the losses caused the first war of independence (1868-78), the late abolition of slavery (like Brazil) and the resource drain caused by maintaining the colonial situation. This, coupled with the prevailing ideological climate and the clumsy policy of the Metropoli undoubtedly contributed to the patriotic preferences lean towards the liberal credo in its most advanced and democratic alternative. Could not be otherwise, after several decades of war and mobilization of large segments of the population against a colonial power that came to focus more soldiers on the island that used by Spain in all its previous campaigns combined. The long struggle for independence, and even with the reforms or the autonomous system, resulted in an unprecedented strengthening of the national consciousness. This otter aspirations of creating a democratic order, which was born with the proclamation of the “Republic in Arms’ is said to reject the subsequent formulas annexationists not accept a U.S. intervention to” indefinida , resisted the call to “Platt Amendment ‘and stock prices maintained the ideal of independence, without limitation, the inveterate inclination of leaders the stock market and groups that are still waiting for foreign intervention the solution of national problems.
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