Of course in this work I am going to limit to me to study driving of a population native, who faces, negotiates and defies colonial decrees. I say thus reason why indeed the Lucana-andamarcas ethnic group of the river basin of Qaracha, that study in this work, subsequent to their reduction to distant territories of their old domination, after approximately 15 years of reduced manages to return to their old dominions, during the government of the Stolen virrey of Mendoza, the definitive consolidador of the administration designed by Toledo, arising this way a new population in 1587 that at the moment comes to do population of Carapo. In the first part attempt to establish the geographic location of the river basin of Qaracha, being established the different ethnic groups that they inhabited the zone during the Spanish arrival, that within this the Lucanas-andamarcas, ethnic group of my main interest in this work. Soon I explain all the process of the reduction of the ethnic group until its definitive establishment in Carapo. Finally I consider that the indigenous, not only in victim or payable population, within the colonial transformations also owns capacities that they defy or they propose to maintain its interests, in the eagerness of its persistence.
Everything is not as they came thinking that the populations are dominated and controlled, rather are populations that act and respond. Here there is nothing of victims is that only we until now, often have defined thus. THE QARACHA RIVER BASIN The Qaracha river basin crosses of the south to north, including the present provinces of Huancasancos and Victor Fajardo, that includes/understands from the caves of Tucuco to the mouth of the river Pampas.