World Trade Organization

The Doha round began in 2001. The protracted negotiations receive such name in the World Trade Organization (WTO) to liberalize world trade for the benefit of impoverished countries, according to what was said at the beginning. Fair and free trade that could raise about 100 billion dollars a year, according to the WTO. In the last phase, 35 countries have discussed during nine days to agree on cuts of acceptable agricultural subsidies by rich countries and the allowable import tariffs. After seven years of negotiations, the result is a failure. The main reasons of disagreement have been how much should be trimmed its United States and the European Union (EU) agricultural subsidies, and far we must liberalize commercial banking. According to correspondents of the BBC in Geneva, the most controversial issue was the discussion on the mechanism of safeguarding proposed to India and China, the United States opposed. This mechanism would have meant that countries impoverished they had been able to increase their tariffs of immediate mode in case of massive imports of foreign agricultural products.

United States said to be willing to cut their agricultural subsidies to achieve an agreement on world trade, but China, India and Brazil (the so-called emerging powers) should open their markets to agricultural and industrial products of rich countries, virtually without limit. According to NGO Intermon Oxfam, dedicated to the development and the trade fair, the alleged cuts in agricultural subsidies would have meant almost nothing in the case of United States and for the EU would have only meant a reduction of 2.6 billion euros of a total of 30 billion. Rich countries should have shown greater political leadership for trade reforms that would reduce poverty, but have defended their interests only and have undergone great pressure poor countries to make concessions that have no place in a round which aims the development of poor countries, denounced Intermon Oxfam.

The Negative

In many cases the information necessary to carry out a study of environmental impact is not available in preview form, which requires design or adapt the most suitable methodologies to each case particular analysis and selection of aaspectos most important to determine the environmental impacts through effectively consider the fragility and quality of the affected territory.Environmental impact studies referred in the positive implications that involve human actions as well as the negative aspects. Also discusses the benefits that can be achieved through the execution of the same.An environmental impact study uses the comparison of situations and/or environmental dynamics existing in the Middle without and with the implementation a human action. Compare the environmental situation in prior to the implementation of the activity with one that will be generated as a result of its implementation and operation. The direct impacts on the human population and natural resources, also risks which can induce are evaluated both.A study should also identify the characteristics of impacts on aspects such as: Caracter.positivo or negative. Magnitud.Aspectos quantitative and normative. Here are interested in emphasizing bla frequency with which could exceed norms and standards, the number of affected individuals, etc. Significado.valorizacion according to the quality of the medium or variable affected. Tipo.Directo or indirect.

Temporal behavior.Persistent, periodic, intermittent, etc. All these aspects constitute basic elements for decision-making, allowing adequately measure what will happen with a particular human action from the environmental point of view.In short, is to identify and analyse the modifiers elements, scales in them are, critical impact thresholds plus sidnificativos are associated with human actions, the temporal behavior of these impacts and compatibility or unacceptability of them. 3.Contenidos of environmental impact studies. The processes of environmental impact assessment that have been implemented in different countries usually provide various procedures for activities that differ on the significance of their environmental impacts. When the impacts are minor is presented to the authority a simple document stating that it complies with the environmental standards and that the expected effects are not significant.