But, over all, for the duty, if not obligation, of desconstruir the stereotype that we, descendants of whom had held the chibata, help, with the ideology of the branqueamento and the myth of the racial democracy, to crystallize. Ahead of this, this article aims at to critically analyze the representation of the ethnic-racial relations in Brazilian infanto-youthful literature, with the objective to analyze the image that emerges of the black personages in books that had as objective to make a more realistic representation of the black. From the analysis, I evidenced that, running away to the objective of some authors, it still has, in some narratives, the predominance of a racist and etnocntrica vision camouflaged in trends that they aim at to keep the myth of the racial democracy. Therefore, many narratives that had nailed the innovation in the representation of the black had left to desire. I.A LITTLE OF HISTORY In accordance with the thought of Darcy Ribeiro (1995), Brazil is formed by a multiracial and pluricultural society, constituted of three races.
The indian, originary of the land, the enslaved African and the colonizador white that if find in the historical predetermination in the escravista colonial period to coexist in a society that until today never was combined socially, have seen that in the Brazilian society it still persists a population estratificada for classroom position and ethnic origins. Historically, the blacks always had been to the edge of this society and were seen, for you white, only as capital human being who if bought with a good money that would be restituted they, in double, for the enslaved work. The marks of the true history of the black in Brazil continue being occulted, as well as its important contribution in the formation of this country. The epigraph ' ' The secret of the truth is the following one: facts do not exist, only exist histrias' ' , used for Joo Ubaldo Ribeiro (1984, P.