Vertical marketing This relatively recent development integrates the channel with the original supplier, both the producer and distributors and retailers working in one unified system. This may arise because one member of the chain owns the other elements (often called corporate integration of systems), a manufacturer with its own retail outlets, it would forward integration. If a retailer has its own manufacturers, this would further integration. (eg, MFI, the furniture retailer, owns Hygena which makes its kitchen and bedroom units.) Integration can also be per license (such as that offered by McDonald’s hamburgers and Benetton clothes) or cooperation simple (the way Spencer brand is cooperating with its suppliers).The alternative approaches are contractual systems, often used by wholesalers or cooperative retail, managed marketing systems where a dominant member of the distribution chain uses its position to coordinate the activities of others, have been as traditionally used by the manufacturers. The intention of vertical marketing is controlled from the manufacturer to a retailer in the extreme to another, the distribution chain. This eliminates a system of variables in the equations of marketing. Other research indicates that vertical integration is a strategy being pursued as possible in the mature stage of market or product. In the early stages can reduce benefits.Is discussed because it also diverts attention from the real business of the organization, since manufacturers rarely excel in retail operations and, in theory, retailers should focus on their business rather than sales of manufacturing facilities (the brand Spencer for example, provides considerable amounts of technical assistance to its suppliers, but not own). Horizontal Marketing The example, something less common, horizontal approach to channels is where two or more competing organizations form a joint venture, a joint marketing operation, because this is beyond the capacity of each individual organization.