The same it happens with literature, to use it na classroom without knowing its matrix pedagogical is not to know to all use to advantage its potential inside of the classroom. Of Latin ' ' litterae' ' (that it means ' ' letras' ') literature, according to Aurlio, is considered the set of writings of a time, written narrative descriptions, critics, of fancy, poetry among others. Before century XVII, period that, according to researchers, in fact appeared a literature destined to the small ones, the children were seen as miniature of the adults, them worked in way to the confusion in the industries and had its hand of workmanship explored. Thus, with the conception of infancy being so different at this time, would not have felt to have a dedicated literature they as place Aries (1979) that? the conception of infancy is not the same that affection for the children, it corresponds to the conscience of the infantile characteristic, this particularitity that distinguishes essentially the child from the adult, exactly young. First appointed histories to the children whom if knowledge has had appeared of compilations made for the Frenchman Charles Perrault, where the counted narratives to the adults, that some times were frightful, erticas, with grotescos and vulgar effect had been transformed into what today they are considered classic of Infantile Literature. In the first coletnea of Perrault initially eight popular stories are compiled: ' ' There Belle au Dormant' Oxen; ' known in Brazil as ' ' The Asleep Beautiful in the Bosque' ' , ' ' Le Petit Chaperon Rouge' ' known as Red Small hat, ' ' There Barbe-Bleue' ' known as ' ' The Azul' Beard; ' , ' ' Le Matre Chat or Le Chat Bott' ' known as ' ' The Cat of Botas' ' , ' ' Les Fes' ' known as ' ' The Fadas' ' , ' ' Cendrillon or La Petit Pantoufle of verre' ' known as ' ' The Good-looking Borralheira or Cinderela' ' , ' ' Riquet to there the Houppe' ' known as ' ' Enrique, topetudo' ' , ' ' Le Petit Poucet' ' known as ' ' The Small Polegar' '.