Citrus Nematode Citrus
Citrus nematode – a disease of citrus caused by the pest dioecious nematode worm class, affects the root system of various citrus trees, causing their disease. The length of the nematode 0.3 – 0.5 mm. Females with pear-shaped body, with a highly elongated and curved front of the ventral side of the rear part of the body lay their eggs in gelatinous mass in the 'egg sack. " Larvae and females citrus nematodes usually sitting groups immersed the head end of the plant roots. Males are vermiform, live on the root surface, but they can often be found in the 'egg sacs' females. In the mouth has a piercing body – the stiletto. Nematode head end penetrate the bark of the root cortical cells and feed destroy it. Cora behind the central cylinder, breaks into pieces and slides.
Disturbed nutrition of the plant. In severe cases stem stops growing in thickness, crown izrezhivaetsya, the leaves are made by small, often stained yellow. Fruiting, depending on the extent of damage is reduced or stopped completely. Citrus nematode is common in areas of old kulutry citrus. In nature – these are areas of Transcaucasia, Crimea and . The responses to the citrus nematode little developed – the most important are prevention: a good cultural care, the application of mineral and organic fertilizer twice a year, strict rules for the care of citrus, citrus nematode warning entry to a healthy area. It is important to also change the soil, transplanting plants only in the past a reliable special handling and preparation of the soil. Before boarding a stranger – your newly purchased plants – must carefully examine its root system, and only making it a healthy line, cultured in greenhouse.